by Hiroki Sayama
Abstract: In this talk, we will present a summary of our interdisciplinary research project “Evolutionary Perspective on Collective Decision Making” that was conducted through close collaboration between computational, organizational, and social scientists at Binghamton University. We redefined collective human decision making and creativity as evolution of ecologies of ideas, where populations of ideas evolve via continual applications of evolutionary operators such as reproduction, recombination, mutation, selection, and migration of ideas, each conducted by participating humans. Based on this evolutionary perspective, we generated hypotheses about collective human decision making and creativity, using agent-based computer simulations. The hypotheses were then tested through several experiments with real human subjects. Throughout this project, we utilized evolutionary computation (EC) in non-traditional ways— as a theoretical framework for reinterpreting the dynamics of idea generation and selection, as a computational simulation model of collective human decision-making processes, and as a research tool for collecting high-resolution experimental data on actual collaborative design and decision making from human subjects.